a rod-shaped bacterium that produces lactic acid from the fermentation of carbohydrates. Most species have probiotic characteristics. These bacteria normally live in our digestive, urinary, and genital systems, and can be also found in some fermented foods.
Species of bacteria in the genus Lactobacillus fermenting sugars (including lactose) into lactic acid. Some strains have probiotic characteristics (for example, L. acidophilus NCFM that decreased the incidence of pediatric diarrhea, and L1 that reduced illness-causing strains of E.coli). NCFM, CL1285, and 36YL strains might have protective qualities against cancer cells. Lactobacillus acidophilus occurs naturally in gastrointestinal tract, mouth, and vagina, and is used in the production of acidophilus-type yogurt (Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus). Fermented soyben products miso and tempeh can also be good sources of Lactobacillus acidophilus.
NCFM (commercially available since the mid 70s: milk, yogurt, toddler formulas),
ATCC 4962, (produces hydrogen peroxide) Scav [IFO 13951, M. Rogosa 210X, NCIB 8690, P.A. Hansen L 917]
ATCC 4356 (origin: human intestine)
ATCC 9224 (sour milk)
CNRZ216 (origin: rat intestine; different fermentation patterns than other L.acidophilus)
Human: HA1, HA2, HA3, HM2, HM6
Pig: PA3, PA12, PA19, P18, P47
Chicken: C1, C2, C3, C7, C11
L. acidophilus AS-1 - Quest International, Rochester, MN
L. acidophilus DDS-1 - Capsule supplement, Natren Inc., Westlake Village, CA
L. acidophilus HP10 - Northeast Nutraceuticals, S. Boston, MA
L. acidophilus HP100 - Northeast Nutraceuticals
L. acidophilus HP101 - Northeast Nutraceuticals
L. acidophilus HP102 - Northeast Nutraceuticals
L. acidophilus HP103 - Northeast Nutraceuticals
L. acidophilus HP104 - Northeast Nutraceuticals
L. acidophilus HP15 - Northeast Nutraceuticals
L. acidophilus PIM703 - Chr. Hansen
L. acidophilus SBT2062 - Snow Yogurt + 2, Snow Brand
sugar comprising of one glucose molecule linked to a galactose molecule; naturally occurs in milk. Lactase enzyme, normally produced by cells that line the small intestine, splits lactose into its smaller sugars.
Primary lactase deficiency (hypolactasia) occurs after weaning. It is distinguished from alactasia (total lack of lactase) that is a rare congenital defect. Secondary lactase deficiency occurs due to damage to the lining of the intestine and is generally reversible. Most lactose-intolerant people can tolerate a certain level of lactose in their diets without ill effects. Higher amounts could cause abdominal bloating, cramping, flatulence, diarrhea, nausea, borborygmi, and vomiting.
Klebsiella Pneumoniae, E.coli and Enterobacter Cloacae are examples of opportunistic bacteria that live in human intestines and help to quickly digest lactose. Serratia marcescens and Citrobacter could do it too, but are slow fermenters.
intestinal probiotic enhancer designed to improve gastrointestinal function. It contains Fructooligosaccharides (FOS), mannan-oligosaccharides, arabinogalactans and spores of B. coagulans SBC37-01
The species of Lactobacillus which have been therapeutically used are :
meat from a mature domestic sheep: The meat of an animal in its first year is lamb; that of an older sheep is hogget and later mutton.
Lamb is a staple in Mediterranean diets, believed to be the world's healthiest diet because of its ability to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease.
In Australia, where lamb is eaten frequently by both children and adults, recent studies have shown lamb to rank among the top omega-3 foods in the daily diet, especially if grass-fed.
Yellow, oval citrus fruit with thick skin and fragrant, acidic juice. Its juice, pulp and peel, especially the zest, are used as foods. Lemons, like other citrus foods are very high in vitamins, especially vitamin C. Lemons are antiseptic, digestive aids, promote immunity and fight infection. The Ancient Egyptians believed that eating lemons and drinking lemon juice was an effective protection against a variety of poisons.
Leafy vegetable of the genus Lactuca including commercially important species Lactuca sativa (cultivated plant of the daisy family including aster and sunflower). Usually eaten raw in salads (and grouped with salad greens), but also may be eaten cooked.
Leaves can be also used to make herbal tobacco-free cigarettes. Seeds can be pressed to extract oil similar to wheat germ oil. Good source of vitamin A and potassium. Wild lettuce is used for whooping cough, asthma, urinary tract problems, cough, insomnia, restlessness, excitability in children, painful menstrual periods, excessive sex drive in women, muscular or joint pains, poor circulation, swollen genitals in men, and as an opium substitute in cough preparations.
Lettuce comes in four basic types: crisphead, butterhead, loose-leaf, and romaine. Crisphead types are also called iceberg or Batavian lettuce. Butterhead lettuces form smaller, looser heads. Loose-leaf doesn't form a head. Bibb lettuce also known as Boston, butterhead, or limestone lettuce, is very tender and is known for its distinctive creamy flavor and crisp, crunchy texture. Romaine or cos lettuce forms upright, cylindrical heads. Red leaf and green leaf lettuces are the most popular loose leaf lettuces. Both have very soft curly leaves and a semisweet taste. Red leaf lettuce is softer, sweeter, and also more fragile than the green. It makes a good salad, but it wilts and turns black very quickly. Green leaf lettuce is a little coarser and not quite as sweet, but it's a bit crisper.
cosmetic product containing pigments, oils, waxes, and emollients that applies color, texture, and protection to the lips. Main ingredients are wax (beeswax, ozokerite, candalilla, Carnauba wax), oils (olive, mineral, cocoa butter, lanolin, petrolatum), preservatives/antioxidants (methylparaben, propyl paraben, fenoxyethanol, phenoxyethanol), emollients (shea butter, cocoa butter, avocado, aloe vera) and colors (such as bromo acid, D&C Red No. 21, Calcium Lake such as D&C Red 7 and D&C Red 34, and D&C Orange No. 17).
Could also contain lead and other harmful chemicals like phthalates, especially if fragrance is mentioned in the label.
Lisinopril is an ACE inhibitor drug used primarily in therapy of high blood pressure (hypertension), heart failure, and for health conditions after heart attacks, to improve survival. This drug is also used for the prevention of eye and kidney complications in people with diabetes.
Brand names: Prinivil, Tensopril, Zestril, Hipril
Side effects include Cough, Headache, Dizziness, Depressed mood, Drowsiness, Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, upset stomach, vomiting or diarrhea and skin symptoms such as mild itching or a rash.
Loss of voice (also called aphonia) is the fact or process of losing the ability to produce voice. It may be partial (when voice sounds hoarse) or complete loss of sound when speech sounds like a whisper. It can occur slowly or come on quickly depending on the cause.
When speaking, air moves through folds in the larynx and this produces sound vibrations. If swelling or obstruction occurs within the vocal cords, the vibration is altered. The most common cause of loss of voice is infection and inflammation of the larynx leading to swelling of the vocal folds. . Misuse and overuse of the voice can cause the vocal folds to swell and become unable to vibrate as needed for speech, it is another common cause of voice problems. Loss of voice may also occur with any infection of the upper respiratory tract or with serious allergic reactions, such as anaphylaxis. The inability to produce voice can also happens when the person suffers a major traumatic event which leads to the state of shock.
Aphonia is different from aphasia, which is a language disorder. Aphonia is more severe than dysphonia, the medical term for a vocal disorder, of which laryngitis (inflammation of the larynx) is one cause.